The configuration of edgefront transit streets—with a bi-directional side transitway located along one side of a street corridor with limited intersecting streets—allows unimpeded transit movement with easy access to the sidewalk.
Since turns across the transitway are extremely limited, a bi-directional transitway can be placed adjacent to a parallel bi-directional bikeway or bi-directional or uni-directional general motor vehicle traffic without significantly increasing the risk of conflicts.
With sufficient turn management, edgefront transit streets can also succeed on a typical street grid.
If limited horizontal separation is available, use vertical separation elements to create a visually exclusive transitway adjacent to vehicle travel lanes.
In the few places where streets cross the transitway, use signage in combination with small curb radii, distinctive materials, and other visual cues to ensure vehicles do not turn into the transitway. Restrict turns across the transitway or use separate turn phases across to avoid conflicts.
For vehicles turning into travel lanes parallel to the transitway, extending turning lane pavement markings through the intersection helps to indicate the path of travel (MUTCD §3B-08).
Use transit signal heads for the transitway to avoid confusion among other street users.
In this example, stations accommodate right-side boarding, which can support use by multiple vehicle types, including buses running in an “open BRT” line.
If parking is provided next to the transitway, provide a walkway between the parking and transit lane to permit access to parked vehicles.
Stations are adjacent to the sidewalk on one side, providing easy pedestrian access. In a downtown or high-activity setting, pedestrian crossings should be provided at all signalized intersections, including T intersections where motor vehicles do not cross tracks. At pedestrian crossings over tracks, provide cues that can be perceived by touch, hearing, and sight. Use audible signals at signalized crossings.
Use street furniture or tactile cues to demarcate the edge of the pedestrian space next to the transit lane. Placing a bikeway between the far sidewalk and the transitway provides additional separation between people on foot and transit vehicles. Use grade separation to prevent bicycles from rolling into the transitway.