On August 10, the Senate passed the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act. The $1 trillion bill covers many aspects of infrastructure, from transportation to water to broadband to electricity, with over $567 billion going to discretionary and formula programs under USDOT’s jurisdiction. Regarding surface transportation, the IIJA contains the Senate’s five-year Surface Transportation Reauthorization Act (STRA), made up of the EPW Committee’s highway title and the Commerce Committee’s rail title. Overviews of the highway and transit portions of the bill are below, with a focus on programs relevant to cities.
After passing the Senate, the IIJA faces a still-developing path in the House. Speaker Pelosi publicly committed to holding a vote on the physical infrastructure bill only after receiving a $3.5 trillion dollar supplemental reconciliation package from the Senate, which would fund healthcare, education, climate, and housing priorities. The Senate is currently considering a $3.5 trillion budget blueprint—the first step toward a bill.
Read more in our overview (pdf) >>
Competitive Grant and FHWA/FTA Formula Programs
The IIJA creates over $150 billion worth of discretionary grant programs, giving USDOT an extraordinary amount of power over where to direct these new funds. Charts in the overview outline the grant programs cities are eligible to apply for that align with NACTO policy priorities.
The infrastructure package contains $39 billion in new funding for transit. This is a $10 billion decrease from the amount in the original bipartisan framework but ultimately increases funding by $19 billion (43 percent) from levels authorized under the FAST Act. The IIJA largely continues policies enacted by the FAST Act, as the Senate Banking Committee did not put forward a new transit title this year.
Read more in the overview (pdf) >>