The transit walkshed—the distance people will walk to a transit stop—is not a fixed distance. Though the quarter-to-half-mile transit walkshed is often cited, riders will walk farther in a comfortable walking environment or if doing so reduces trip time, eliminates transfers, or reaches more reliable and rapid service.
Access to transit is improved with direct pedestrian paths of travel that provide the shortest distance to transit stops for the largest number of potential riders. Short block lengths and a high density of intersections will maximize the area reachable on foot in a reasonable length of time.
Design intersections with short crossing distances using curb extensions, boarding bulbs and boarding islands, refuge islands, and pedestrian plazas where applicable. Short signal cycles favor pedestrians and transit, enabling frequent and convenient crossings. Interim treatments, described in depth in the Urban Street Design Guide, should be used to regularize and shorten crossings when capital improvements are not immediately available.
Safe pedestrian crossings should be provided at all transit stops, including mid-block stops, unless the distance to the next crossing is short, typically 100 feet or less. Where block length is longer than the distance between stops, as on some transit corridors, boulevards, and conventional arterial streets, controlled mid-block crossings must be provided at mid-block stops to provide basic passenger safety. Locally used signal warrants should not be used to prevent the provision of these crossings. Pedestrian crossings on transit streets should be signalized or stop-controlled unless shared street design, raised crossings, or other design elements result in very low speeds, generally 10 mph or lower.
Avoid forced crossings. Incomplete intersections that require pedestrians to cross multiple legs to continue in a straight line are a source of pedestrian delay, and can raise pedestrian crash rates.
The movement of transit passengers is as important in the design of transit stations as the movement of transit vehicles. Within and around a transit stop, pedestrians should be able to travel in direct paths whenever possible, and safety measures should be designed so that the station remains a welcoming environment.